[Crash Course] Psychology XXXIV& XXXV Personality disorders and psychotherapy

Ego-dystonic: those who have them are aware they have a problem and tend to be distressed by their symptoms.

Ego-syntonic: the person experiencing them doesn't necessarily think they have a problem. Personality disorders fall into this catagory.

Personality disorder: psychological disorders marked by inflexible, disruptive, and enduring behaviour patterns that impair social and other functioning— whether the suffer recognises that or not. -Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric personality characteristics: paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal. -Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional or Impulsive: antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic. -Cluster C: avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive.

Psychotherapies: -Psychodynamic: served as a kind of historical reconstruction that helped patients access repressed feelings by using free association and dream analysis. -Existential-humanistic: promoting growth rather than curing illness, creating empathetic, genuine, accepting environment by active listening. -Behavioural: elimination of unwanted behaviour is to replace it with more functional behaviour through learning and conditioning in order to change moods. -Cognitive therapies: change thoughts rather than behaviours. Changing what we say to ourselves is a very effective way to cope with our anxieties and modify our behaviour. -Group therapy/ family therapy